|How to Compost|
Every year in Texas, nearly 4 million tons of yard trimmings in the form of leaves, grass, tree limbs, weeds and other organic debris end up in Texas landfills. That's about 20 percent of all trash in municipal landfills. It costs Texans about $250 million a year to collect and landfill yard trimmings. Putting these yard trimmings to use instead of throwing them away makes sense and cents for all Texans.
Composting is one of six recommendation to avoid land filling and protect t water supplies. Other recommended yard care techniques include reusing grass clippings and leaves, mulching, Xeriscaping, common-sense watering, and low impact pest management.
What is Compost?
Compost is what happens when leaves, grass clippings, vegetable and fruit scraps, wood chips, straw and small twigs are combined and allowed to break down into a crumbly, dark brown humus material with soil like texture.
Bacteria, fungi, and insects break down yard waste. The bacteria and fungi (microbes) need water, air and food (your yard trimmings) to start and continue the breakdown process.
Compost is one of nature's best mulches and soil amendments. By composting and mulching, you can save money by reducing your fertilizer and landscaping bills, lowering your water bills, and spending less on trash pickup or disposal.
Composting provides an almost constant source of free fertilizer and soil conditioner. The organic materials in the compost help your plants grow by loosening the soil and allowing better root penetration.
Compost increases microbial activity, which creates a healthier environment for plant growth. The texture of compost improves moisture retention in your soil and can reduce your water bills. Compost has all the nutrients that plants require unlike chemical fertilizers Compost even helps moderate the ph of your soil.
Through regular use of compost, you can drastically reduce or even eliminate the need for chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides which saves money and reduces contamination of our waterways and drinking water.
Most cities have free wood chips that you can use to mulch your garden. Phone your city office and ask for details.
Materials to Avoid
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